Want to know all about dog vaccination in Nigeria? If yes, then this is definitely going to be of help to you.

Written by: Dr. Oluwaseun Huthman DVM 

Before going into our main subject matter- dog vaccination in Nigeria, let’s get the basics of dog vaccination

What is Dog Vaccination?

Vaccination is said to be the injection of a killed microbe to stimulate the immune system against the microbe, thereby preventing disease. 

A dog vaccine typically contains an agent that resembles a disease-causing organism and is often made from a weakened or attenuated version of that particular pathogen, its toxin, or one of its surface proteins. 

Dog vaccinations work by stimulating the immune system to recognize the infectious agent as foreign, and stores/remember it so that the immune system can easily recognize and destroy any of these agents that it later encounters. 

The immune system then begins developing immunity against this agent. 

When an adequately large percentage of a population has been vaccinated, herd immunity results. 

The efficacy and effectiveness of dog vaccination have been widely studied and verified and proven to be the most effective methods for preventing infectious diseases.

Vaccination of dogs has contributed to dogs’ health and public health, with human health benefiting from immunization of animals directly and indirectly. 

Currently, there are geographically defined core vaccinations and individually chosen non-core vaccines recommendation for dogs. 

Core vaccines are vaccines that all dogs should receive to protect them against the disease of global significance or where legislation may dictate, for example, canine rabies. 

In contrast, non-core vaccines are dictated by geographic location, lifestyle, and exposure. Dogs are susceptible to many diseases, and some of these diseases can be prevented or treated with the available vaccine. 

Some of these vaccine-preventable diseases include canine distemper, rabies, canine parvovirus enteritis, infectious canine hepatitis, leptospirosis, and canine parainfluenza.

Dog Vaccination in Nigeria

In Nigeria, canine vaccination is usually in the form of a 5-way vaccine called “DHLPP,” standing for Distemper, Hepatitis (Adenovirus), Leptospira, Parainfluenza, and Parvovirus. 

Vaccination of dogs in Nigeria has been controversial, especially regarding its efficacy in preventing vaccinable diseases, such as parvovirus. 

This could be due to the predominance or pervasiveness of quackery, mishandling, poor storage of vaccines, and lack of production of indigenous vaccines that are well suited for our climate and breeds common in Nigeria.

Click here to know Why Do Dogs Sneeze

How Much is it to Vaccinate Dogs in Nigeria?

The price of vaccination in Nigeria varies just the same way there are different vaccines with different effectiveness whose prices are different.

Additionally, economic variables like the vet clinic’s location, etc. also matter.

For instance, the cost of vaccination in a vet clinic in a highbrow area like Lekki, Victoria Island, etc., would not be the same as vaccination in a low-income neighbourhood or area.

Hence it would be misleading to categorically state a particular cost as the amount it takes to vaccinate a dog in Nigeria.

Dog Vaccination Schedule in Nigeria

Want to know about the dhlpp vaccine route of administration? I’ll be doing justice to that here.

I know that there are lots of quack vets out there who do not follow the dhlpp vaccine route of administration.

Below is the right dog vaccination schedule in Nigeria or dhlpp vaccine route that you should follow.- If you want to get your dog or puppy vaccinated rightly.

dog vaccination in nigeria

6 — 8 weeks distemper, parvovirus

10 — 12 weeks DHLPP (vaccines for distemper, adenovirus [hepatitis], leptospirosis, parainfluenza, and parvovirus)

16 — 18 weeks DHLPP, rabies

12 — 16 months DHLPP, rabies

Every 1-3 years- Rabies

Every 1-2 years- DHLPP


How Much is Dog Vaccine in Nigeria

Here, we’ll be focusing on the question; how much is dog vaccination As said earlier, dog vaccines’ prices vary based on several factors such as the brand, location, etc. But generally from experience and market survey. 

The vaccination or how much to vaccinate dog in Nigeria regimen is usually varied around the amount below;

  1. a) DHLPP Vaccine- 6,000 (Price may vary based on brand or location)
  2. b) Anti Rabies Vaccine- 6,000 (Price may vary based on brand or location)
  3. c) Dewormer- 3,000 (Price may vary based on brand or location)

Some may sell as low as 4,000-6,000 but as said earlier it varies. 

Anti Rabies Injection Price in Nigeria

For those looking out for information on anti rabies injection price for dogs in Nigeria, I have done just that above.
But let me be more detailed on the Anti rabies injection price in Nigeria.
In Port Harcourt, anti rabies vaccination is 4500 – 5000 naira – Four thousand five hundred naira.- This may differ from one veterinarian or clinic to another.
In Lagos, Abuja or any other state in Nigeria, the price may differ to- It may be cheaper or more expensive.

Note: sales of dog vaccines are highly regulated and not for sale over the counter.

 Here you have it- Everything you need to know about dog vaccination in Nigeria

Feel free t drop your questions about dog vaccination in Nigeria in the comments section below.


Dr. Sophia Bookmyer is an absolute gem of a Veterinarian. She brings decades of experience to Vetpetsguide and has overflowing talent and passion for breeding and caring for pets, their people, and the team around her. Dr. Sophia was born and raised in Columbiana, Ohio. She completed her undergraduate studies at Miami University in Oxford, Ohio. After earning her DVM from The Ohio State University in 1980. She has experience of over 3 decades and is very happy to share them. Her goal is to give pets all over the world a better life and to recommend the best tips, advice, and also recommend the best product for every pet owner.

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